New Required Ergonomics Program for Work Sites
Minnesota Ergonomics Legislation Effective January 1, 2024
The Minnesota Legislature passed bill S.F. No. 3035, the state biennial budget bill, that goes into effect very soon on January 1, 2024. This bill legally mandates certain businesses to implement an Ergonomics Program that includes an effective written program that will minimize risk of employees developing or aggravating musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs); including assessments, training, reporting, early reporting procedures and more.
Minnesota businesses within required class codes will need to have their ergonomics programs operational by January 1, 2024. Don’t wait until the last minute to establish this new required program.
Contact us today if you have questions about the legislation or need a partner to help you meet upcoming legal requirements.
Our ergonomics program has been utilized by businesses across the country since 2008. On-Site Solutions offers two turn-key programs to help you meet the new legislative requirements.
MN Biennial Budget Bill
Ergonomic Requirements Highlights
Warehouse Distribution Centers with 100 or more employees and North American Industrial Classification codes (NAICs) of:
423110 to 423990
424110 to 424990
Meatpacking sites with 100 or more employees and North American Industrial Classification codes (NAICs) of:
311611 to 311615, except 311613
Healthcare Facilities with North American Industrial Classification codes (NAICs) of:
New Program Requirements and OSSPT Solutions
|Category||State Requirement as of 1/1/24||Why OSSPT?|
|Assessments||To identify and reduce MSD risk factors||OSSPT has developed an ergonomic assessment that combines ergo best practices and evidence based tools into one comprehensive protocol|
|Training||Initial and ongoing training of ergonomics||Our ergonomics team utilizes decades of ergo experience to educate, ensure understanding and guide your team to be in compliance with the new regulations|
|MSK Symptom Identification||Employees must be trained on the early signs and symptoms of MSK injuries||On-Site PT’s provide expert symptom identification and education about MSK injuries|
|Early Reporting Procedure||To encourage early reporting for prevention of MSDs||Through fostering trusting relationships, we encourage early reporting, allowing for program compliance and reduction in MSK costs. At OSSPT, early intervention is our specialty.|
|Employee Feedback Process||To encourage employees to provide possible solutions to prevent MSDs||All OSSPT ergonomic assessments include an employee interview process that allows collaboration for solutions|
|Plant Modification Requirements||To ensure that any plant modifications or construction aligns with the ergonomics program||OSSPT is your expert guide for how ergonomics will affect any facility or process modifications that you are considering|
|Annual Evaluations||Annual evaluation of the ergonomics program are required||OSSPT’s ergonomics experts will contribute pertinent information to your annual review.|
MN Biennial Budget Bill
Sec. 21. [182.677] ERGONOMICS.
Subdivision 1.Definitions.(a) For purposes of this section, the definitions in this
subdivision apply unless otherwise specified.
(b) “Health care facility” means a hospital with a North American Industrial Classification
system code of 622110, 622210, or 622310; an outpatient surgical center with a North
American Industrial Classification system code of 621493; and a nursing home with a North
American Industrial Classification system code of 623110.
(c) “Warehouse distribution center” means an employer with 100 or more employees in
Minnesota and a North American Industrial Classification system code of 493110, 423110
to 423990, 424110 to 424990, 454110, or 492110.
(d) “Meatpacking site” means a meatpacking or poultry processing site with 100 or more
employees in Minnesota and a North American Industrial Classification system code of
311611 to 311615, except 311613.
(e) “Musculoskeletal disorder” or “MSD” means a disorder of the muscles, nerves,
tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, blood vessels, or spinal discs.
Subd. 2.Ergonomics program required.(a) Every licensed health care facility,
warehouse distribution center, or meatpacking site in the state shall create and implement
an effective written ergonomics program establishing the employer’s plan to minimize the
risk of its employees developing or aggravating musculoskeletal disorders. The ergonomics
program shall focus on eliminating the risk. To the extent risk exists, the ergonomics program
must include feasible administrative or engineering controls to reduce the risk.
(b) The program shall include:
(1) an assessment to identify and reduce musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in the
(2) an initial and ongoing training of employees on ergonomics and its benefits, including
the importance of reporting early symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders;
(3) a procedure to ensure early reporting of musculoskeletal disorders to prevent or
reduce the progression of symptoms, the development of serious injuries, and lost-time
(4) a process for employees to provide possible solutions that may be implemented to
reduce, control, or eliminate workplace musculoskeletal disorders;
(5) procedures to ensure that physical plant modifications and major construction projects
are consistent with program goals; and
(6) annual evaluations of the ergonomics program and whenever a change to the work
Subd. 3.Annual evaluation of program required.There must be an established
procedure to annually assess the effectiveness of the ergonomics program, including
evaluation of the process to mitigate work-related risk factors in response to reporting of
symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders by employees. The annual assessment shall determine
the success of the implemented ergonomic solutions and whether goals set by the ergonomics
program have been met.
Subd. 4.Employee training.(a) An employer subject to this section must train all
employees on the following:
(1) the name of each individual on the employer’s safety committee;
(2) the facility’s ergonomic program;
(3) the early signs and symptoms of musculoskeletal injuries and the procedures for
(4) the procedures for reporting injuries and other hazards;
(5) any administrative or engineering controls related to ergonomic hazards that are in
place or will be implemented for their positions; and
(6) the requirements of subdivision 9.
(b) New employees must be trained according to paragraph (a) prior to starting work.
Current employees must receive initial training and ongoing annual training in accordance
with the employer’s ergonomics program. The employer must provide the training during
working hours and compensate the employee for attending the training at the employee’s
standard rate of pay. All training must be in a language and with vocabulary that the employee
(c) Updates to the information conveyed in the training shall be communicated to
employees as soon as practicable.
Subd. 5.Involvement of employees.Employers subject to this section must solicit
feedback for its ergonomics program through its safety committee required by section
182.676, in addition to any other opportunities for employee participation the employer
may provide. The safety committee must be directly involved in ergonomics worksite
assessments and participate in the annual evaluation required by subdivision 3.
Subd. 6.Workplace program or AWAIR.An employer subject to this section must
reference its ergonomics program in a written Workplace Accident and Injury Reduction
(AWAIR) program required by section 182.653, subdivision 8.
Subd. 7.Recordkeeping.An employer subject to this section must maintain:
(1) a written certification dated and signed by each person who provides training and
containing the name and job title of each employee who receives training pursuant to this
section. The certifications must include the date training was conducted. The certification
completed by the training providers must state that the employer has provided training
consistent with the requirements of this section and include a brief summary or outline of
the information that was included in the training session;
(2) a record of all worker visits to on-site medical or first aid personnel for the last five
years, regardless of severity or type of illness or injury; and
(3) a record of all musculoskeletal disorders suffered by employees for the last five
Subd. 8.Availability of records.(a) The employer must ensure that the certification
records required by subdivision 7, clause (1), are up to date and available to the
commissioner, employees, and authorized employee representatives, if any, upon request.
(b) Upon the request of the commissioner, an employee who is a member of the facility’s
safety committee, or an authorized employee representative, the employer must provide the
requestor a redacted version of the medical or first aid records and records of all
musculoskeletal disorders. The name, contact information, and occupation of an employee,
and any other information that would reveal the identity of an employee, must be removed
in the redacted version. The redacted version must only include, to the extent it would not
reveal the identity of an employee, the location where the employee worked, the date of the
injury or visit, a description of the medical treatment or first aid provided, and a description
of the injury suffered.
(c) The employer must also make available to the commissioner and the employee who
is the subject of the records the unredacted medical or first aid records and unredacted
records of musculoskeletal disorders required by subdivision 7, clause (2), upon request.
Subd. 9.Reporting encouraged.Any employer subject to this section must not institute
or maintain any program, policy, or practice that discourages employees from reporting
injuries, hazards, or safety and health standard violations, including ergonomic-related
hazards and symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders.
Subd. 10.Training materials.The commissioner shall make training materials on
implementation of this section available to all employers, upon request, at no cost as part
of the duties of the commissioner under section 182.673.
Subd. 11.Enforcement.This section shall be enforced by the commissioner under
sections 182.66 and 182.661. A violation of this section is subject to the penalties provided
under section 182.666.
Subd. 12.Grant program.(a) The commissioner shall establish an ergonomics grant
program to provide matching funding for employers who are subject to this section to make
ergonomic improvements recommended by an on-site safety survey. Minnesota Rules,
chapter 5203, applies to the administration of the grant program.
(b) To be eligible for a grant under this section, an employer must:
(1) be a licensed health care facility, warehouse distribution center, or meatpacking site
as defined by subdivision 1;
(2) have current workers’ compensation insurance provided through the assigned risk
plan, provided by an insurer subject to penalties under chapter 176, or as an approved
self-insured employer; and
(3) have an on-site safety survey with results that recommend specific equipment or
practices that will reduce the risk of injury or illness to employees and prevent
musculoskeletal disorders. This survey must have been conducted by a Minnesota
occupational safety and health compliance investigator or workplace safety consultant, an
in-house safety and health committee, a workers’ compensation insurance underwriter, a
private consultant, or a person under contract with the assigned risk plan.
(c) Grant funds may be used for all or part of the cost of the following:
(1) purchasing and installing recommended equipment intended to prevent
(2) operating or maintaining recommended equipment intended to prevent musculoskeletal
(3) property, if the property is necessary to meet the recommendations of the on-site
safety survey that are related to prevention of musculoskeletal disorders;
(4) training required to operate recommended safety equipment to prevent musculoskeletal
(5) tuition reimbursement for educational costs related to identifying ergonomic-related
issues that are related to the recommendations of the on-site safety survey.
(d) The commissioner shall evaluate applications, submitted on forms developed by the
commissioner, based on whether the proposed project:
(1) is technically and economically feasible;
(2) is consistent with the recommendations of the on-site safety survey and the objective
of reducing risk of injury or illness to employees and preventing musculoskeletal disorders;
(3) was submitted by an applicant with sufficient experience, knowledge, and commitment
for the project to be implemented in a timely manner;
(4) has the necessary financial commitments to cover all project costs;
(5) has the support of all public entities necessary for its completion; and
(6) complies with federal, state, and local regulations.
(e) Grants under this section shall provide a match of up to $10,000 for private funds
committed by the employer to implement the recommended ergonomics-related equipment
(f) Grants will be awarded to all applicants that meet the eligibility and evaluation criteria
under paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) until funding is depleted. If there are more eligible requests
than funding, awards will be prorated.
(g) Grant recipients are not eligible to apply for another grant under chapter 176 until
two years after the date of the award.
Subd. 13.Standard development.The commissioner may propose an ergonomics
standard using the authority provided in section 182.655.
EFFECTIVE DATE.This section is effective January 1, 2024, except subdivisions 9
and 12 are effective July 1, 2023.